Greece: Pictorial, Descriptive And Historical
by
Christopher Wordsworth

PREFACE.

THE Emperor Hadrian possessed a magnificent villa at Tivoli, of which the ruins still remain. In it he endeavoured to perpetuate his own Recollections of Greece. He there erected buildings, to which he gave the names of Pecile and Lyceum ; by their side he planted the Grove of an Academy, and he carried the stream of an ideal Peneus through the pleasant Vale of an imitative Tempe.
The Traveller in Greece constructs in his own mind such a villa as this. He furnishes it with the beautiful scenes which he once visited in that country; he refreshes it with the clear waters and cool shades of a Tempe ; he decorates it with the fair porticos of a Pecile, a Lyceum, and an Academy.
But his recollections of Greece, like the buildings of Hadrian, are liable to fall into decay ; the Author of the following pages has, therefore, attempted to give a permanence to his own reminiscences by constructing a humbler Tivoli, in which he hopes that others may perhaps enjoy some share of that pleasure, which was felt of old by the Greek Traveller in the Villa of Hadrian.

ANALYTICAL TABLE OF CONTENTS.
BRONZE Tablet of Aristagoras-Hecateus ..1
Sketch of the Geography of Continental Greece ..2
FIRST STATION, Zygo, the ancient Lacmos, on Mount Pindus: Panoramic View thence; its Peculiarities;
the Five Rivers which take their rise there ..3

Virgil-Nlilton ..3
Communication by these Rivers to every Part of Greece ..4
The Aous : Apollonia ; Corinthian Colonies; Augustus ; his Connexion with Apollonia ; Actium-the Gulf
of Ambracia-the ARACTHUS ..7

Northern Frontier of Free Greece ..7
HALIACMON-Macedonia-Berrhea-Thessalonica-St. Paul ..8
PENEUS-Olympus-Ossa-TEMPE ..9
Mountain Boundaries to the Basin of Thessaly : Cambunian Hills ; Pindus ; Othrys ..9
The History of Thessaly the Result of its Geography ..10
Level Surface of the Soil ; Fertility-Centaurs ; Cavalry; Thessaly the Theatre of Wars-Pharsalia, Scotussa,
Cyuoscephalx ..10

Historical Sense of its Ancient Traditions-Neptune : War of the Giants-Peleus ..11
ACHELOUS; why the Synonyme for Water; its Course ..12
SECOND STATION, On Mount Tymphrestus, at Beluchi-Divergence of Mountains from this Point, as of
Rivers from Zygo ..13

OTHRYS to the Sea, CETA to the South-east, and the Agrxan Hills to the West of the Pindus-The PINDUS
Chain continued in Parnassus, Helicon, Citheron, Parnes, Brilessus, Pentelicus, Hymettus, Lameium,
Sunium; thence to the Cyclades, and to the Asiatic Coast ..14

River SPERCHEIUS ..14
Lamia, Demosthenes, Lamian Wars-Trachis ; Hercules and Deianeira-Trachinia; of Sophocles ..15
Trachinian Province and History of Hercules : his Apotheosis on Mount Eta-Pilgrimage thither ..16
Leonidas at Thermopyle-Influence of Hercules on the Spartans at Thermopyle ..16
Defence of the Pass at different Periods ..17
Alterations in the Coast-Thermopyle survives only in Herodotus ..18
Amphictyonic Council House-at Anthele-Why?-Reflections on this ..18
Epicnemidian Locrians-Ajax Oileus-Talanta, Puntzomadi ; Names whence derived ..18
THIRD STATION, on Mount Parnassus ..19
Panoramic Views-Doris; Elatea, Abae, Daulis; their early History-TheTripleWay-Edipus- Ancient
Roads and Carriages ..21

Delphi : Site; Buildings-Ion of Euripides ..21
Theatre, Temple, Oracle, Omphalus, Stadium ..21
Castalia ..22
Crissa-Cirrha ; Milton-Corycian Cave ..23
FOURTH STATION: HELICON ..23
Aganippe, Hipppocrene-the Grove of the Muses ..23
Helicon and Citheron compared ..23
Names of Objects on Helicon (Libethra, person les, Pierides)-Why of Macedonian Origin ..24
Lebadea: Stream, Ravine, Sources-Oracular Cave of Trophonius ..25
Lake Copais-Cheronea, Battle of-Treasury of Minyas ..26
Lebadea to Thebes : Coronea, Alalcomene, Curalius, Tilphossa, Haliartus-Thebes : Dirce, Ismenms ..27
Road from Thebes to Platea-Plataea and Thebes ..28
Roads to Attica: 1, by Enoe; 2, by Phyle; 3, by Decelea; 4, by Rhamnus-Last Station : HYMETTUS ..29
View from Hymettus ..29
Milton ..31
Limit of Course of Mountains-Temple at Sunium ..31
Lucian's Contemplantes-Geographical Sketch of the Peloponnesus ..33
Station at Zakkouka on Mount Lyceus ..34
Panoramic View-Mount Lyceus, Erymathus, Cyllene, Menalus, Parnon ..35
Mount Taygetus ..36
Plain of Elis-Olympia ..36
Physical Form and Characteristics of the Peloponnesus ..37
Arcadia: surrounded by a mural Circle of Mountains ; Radii from this Circle to the Coast form the other
Provinces of the Peloponnesus ..37

Peloponnesus an Amphitheatre, of which Arcadia is the Arena, its Mountain Circle the Podium, the other
Provinces the Cunei, their Mountain Divisions the Via, the Vale of the Alpheus the stomach problem orium, Sky of
Greece the Velariam ..38

Political Results from Natural Causes ..39
National Antipathies-Messenia and Laconia ..39
No Centralization ..40
ACHEAN League: its Origin; how far it was successful ..41
Causes of its Dissolution-Rome united Greece ..42
No general Coinage-Coins of different Provinces of the Peloponnesus ..43
Restlessness of its Inhabitants-The Arts of Peace and Commerce little cultivated ..44
Pleasing Contrast offered by the Province of Elis-Armistice ..45
Olympic Games ..46
Mythological Traditions produced by Character of Soil ..46
Emissaries-Switzerland, Italy, Beotia, ARCADIA ..48
Stymphalus-worship of Hercules-Natural Origin of Greek Mythology-founded not on Laws but Powers ..43
Origin of Greek Music; why derived from Arcadia; its Influence on the Arcadian Character-Cynetha ..49
The Pastoral Ideas of Virgil derived not so much from Italy as from Arcadia ..50
Migratory and condottiere Character of Arcadians; how produced ..52
Sparta, how far unwalled-Lycurgus-Its Mountains were its Walls ..52

Laconia the Stadium of the Peloponnesus .. 53
Picturesque Scenery of the Vale of the Eurotas-Scenes on Taygetus ..54
Pallantium the Cradle of Rome-Antoninus Pius ..55
Pheidippides and Pan, before the Battle of Marathon ..56
View from Citadel of AROOS ..56
ARGOLIS Erasinus, Lerna-Argos Amphilochicum a Colony from Argolis; National Connexions and
Sympathies; shown in an Identity of Names ..57
Mycene : its present State-Thucydides and Pausanias ..57

Gate of Lions--Ancient Scenes at Mycena-Treasury of Atreus ..58
Idea of the Treasury as it existed formerly ..58

Heraum or Temple of Juno ..59
Solitude of the Temple-Argive Mother and her Sons ..60
Tiryns-Nauplia ..61
General Remarks on the Physical Advantages of Greece ..61

Site, Coast Line, Views of Sea, Divisions, Tribes, Rivalry, Dialects ..62
Influence of her Climate and Natural Elements on her Civil Polity and Literature ..63
Architecture, Sculpture, Painting, how affected by them ..63

ATTICA ..65
Socrates and Acibiades ..65

Extent of Attica ..66
Influence of Attica on Language, Literature, Arts, and Religion ..67
Causes of this Influence ..69
Form and Site of Attica ..70
Benefits incidentally arising from its Defects-Barrenness-Rocks, Mountains-their Productions ..70

Consequences of these Defects ..71
Limits of Attica-Chains of Parnes and Egaleos on West, of Pentelicus and Hymettus on East, the Long
Walls of the Country ..74
Order of our Observations ..74

Salamis: Site-Battle ..75
View seen by Xerxes from his Silver-footed Throne on Mount Egaleos ..75

Digression to Eleusis-Mystic Procession to Eleusis ..77
Sacred Way thither; its present and former State ..79
Sacred Ways of Rome and Athens contrasted ..80
Characteristic of those two Cities respectively ..80

Approach to Eleusis ..81
Temple at Eleusis--Description of the Eleusinian Mysteries ..82
Return to Egaleos 84
Phyle : its present and former Condition ..84
View seen by Thraspbulus from the Fortress Walls of Phyle ..84

Campaign of Thrasybulus against the Thirty Tyrants ..85
View of Acharna'-The Acharuians of Aristophanes ..85

Return to Mount Parnea-Parnes the Barrier of Attica and Boeotia ..87
Comparative View of Attica and Bceotia, physically and intellectually ..87

"The Clouds" of Aristophanes ..88
View of the Athenian Plain and Lycabettus ..88

Decelea-Alcibiades--Agis ..89
Decelca a Spartan Camp in Attica ..90
"The Birds" of Aristophanes ..90

Contrast sport ween Decelea and Aphidnac-Theseus ..91
History of Attica to the Age of Theseus ..92
Cecrops-Strife of Minerva and Neptune-Explanation ..93
Areopagus ; Origin of- Sense of Attic Traditions ..94
Cranaus and Pedias the Parents of Atthis ..95
Deucalion's Flood-Amphictyon-Ericthouius-States of Society represented by them ..95

Visits of Cereus and Bacchus to Attica-Theseus ..96
Pisistratus : his Homeric Apotheosis of Theseus ..97
Theseus a Personification (made by themselves, with an Historic Basis) of the Athenian People ..97

Ariadne-Life and stop of Theseus-Temple of Theseus ..98
His Civil Polity-Panathenaic Festival ..99
Theseus and Pirithous : Meaning of their Friendship ..99
Theseus and Hercules : their Rivalry ; how an expression of National Feeling ..99

Why Theseus and his Son Hippolytus are made to pass their Youth at Trozen ..100
Beotia represented by Hercules, Attica by Theseus-Illustration of this ..101
View on the Route from Aphidns to Rhamnus--Two Temples at Rhamnus ..102
Sacred Enclosure containing them-Description of the Temples ..103
Architectural Terms applied to Ancient Temples-Plans-Larger Temple ..104
Both the Temples were dedicated to Nemesis ..105
Scenery of Rhamnus ..105

Religion of Sacred Enclosures ..106
Rhamnus to Marathon-Plain and Harbour of Marathon ..108
Battle ..109
The Battle fun, what is ustrated by local Considerations ..110
The different Advantages enjoyed by the Athenians at Marathon ..111
Fresco Painting of the Battle-Tumulus at Marathon ..113
Trophy of Miltiades ..114
Different Fate of the Battles of Marathon and Salamis ..115
Why no Pictorial or Sculptural Record of Salamis as well as of Marathon-Poetical Compensation ..115

Walk up Mount Pentelicus ..116
View of Marble Quarries-Character of the Marble-Reflections on the Quarries ..117
Contrast of Rome and Athens in their respective Materials for Sculpture ..119
Scenery of Cephissia-Villa of Herodes Atticus ..120
Plato's Farm-Diogenes ..121
Preservation of Ancient Names : Cephissia, Marousi, Heracle ..123
Lycabettus ..123
Hymettus-Produce of Hymettus compared with that of Pentelicus ..123
Grottos of the Nymphs and Graces on Hymettus ..123

Plato in this Cave ..125
Port Raphte-Thoricus ..125

Triangle formed by,Thoricus, Anaphlystus, and Sunium ..126
Mines of Laureum ..126

History of Mines-Peculiar Properties of Athenian Coinage ..127
Temple at Sunium ..128
Requisites for a Describer of Athens ..129
Suggestions from a Sight of its Ruins ..130
Contrast of the Spirit which produced its Buildings with their Material Elements ..131
Permanence and Extension of the former ..131

Advantages of the Modern over the Ancient Spectator of Athens ..132
Map of Athens drawn by Demades for Philip ..132

Physical Sketch of the Site of Athens-its Harbours-its Limits ..133
Idea of Athens as it existed in Ancient Times on the Day of the Celebration of the Yanathenaic Festival ..135
The Course of that Procession followed ..135

Ascent to the Acropolis ..136
Propylea described-Restoration of ..136

Temple of Victory-its Frieze ..137
Doors of the Propylea thrown open-First Sight of the Interior of Acropolis ..138
The Acropolis was the Temple, the Fortress, the Museum, and the Treasury of Athens ..138

Statues-Colossal Bronze Statue of Minerva Promachus ..139
The Parthenon-its Frieze, Metopes, and Pediments ..139

Shields on the Eastern Front-its Architectural Mouldings painted ..140
The Opisthodomus ..141
The Eastern Division of the Temple ..141
Panathenaic Frieze, Idea of ..142
Erectheum-its Two Divisions; the Eastern consecrated to Minerva Polias; the Western to Pandrosus ..143
Architectural Description of-History-The Four principal Sacred Objects contained in it ..144
Subterranean Passage to the Grotto of Aglaurus-Use of the Aglaureum-Grotto of Pan ..145
Temple of the Winds-Different Uses of the Temple ..146
Districts of Athens North of the Acropolis-Diomeia, Cynosarges, Colyttus, Melite ..147
Temple of Theseus-History and Ornaments of ..148
Religious and Political Objects of the Temple ..148

The Pnyx or Parliament of Athens-Its Site, Size, and Features ..150
Idea of an Athenian Assembly-Picture of an Orator addressing an Assembly in the Pnyx ..150

Objects before his Eyes ..151
Influence of the Local Peculiarities of the Pnyx on Athenian Eloquence ..152
Description of the Areopagus ..152

The Areopagus, why associated with the Temple of the Furies ..153
The Agora, as it existed in Ancient Times-its principal Objects ..154
View of the Agora from the Western Side of the Acropolis ..156
Real Character of the Agora-its Influences ..156

Theatre-its Site and Natural Scenery ..157
Consequent Advantages enjoyed by the Athenian Dramatist and Spectator ..157
Street of Tripods-its Object ..157

Odeum of Pericles ..158
Temple of Jupiter Olympius ..159
The Ilissus, Lyceum, Stadium, Callirrhoe ..160
Mountains of Attica-not mentioned by Athenian Tragedians ..160

Attic Tragedy silent about Attica-Italian Notices of Attica ..161
Policy of Themistocles to isolate Athens-The Peirwus ..163
His Designs prosecuted by Cimon and Pericles-Third Long Wall of Athens ..164
Beotia-Homer's Catalogue-Comparison of Maritime Force of Attica and Beotia ..166
Station at Orchomenus-Course and Vale of the Cephissus ..167
Plain of Orchomenus, or Northern Basin of Bceotia ..168
Two important Cities on its Margin, at equal Distances from each other ..169
Lebadea ..169

Technical Arrangements and Phraseology of Astronomy and Geography compared ..170
Basin of Orchomenus the natural Theatre of Bceotia ..171
Charonea, Plain and Battle of-Coronea, Battle of ..172
Haliartus, Battle of ..173
Mountain Circle of Bmotia-Commencement at Aulis ..174
Mounts Mesapius, Ptoum, Acontium, Helicon, Cithaeron, Parries ..175
Thespia, Oropus, Delium ..176
Helicon and Citha'ron-Legend of-Their natural Scenery compared ..177
Grove of the Muses on Helicon ..178
City of Thespim-Character of the Thespians ..179
Road from Beotia by Thespia' to the Corinthian Gulf ..180
Zethus and Amphion ..180

Legends of Mount Cithxron-Erinnyes, Pentheus, (Edipus, Sphragitian Nymphs ..181
Plataea-Campaign of Mardonius ..183
Force of Mardonius-Topography of the Battle of Platea ..184
Three successive Positions of the Greek Forces ..185
Narrative of the Battle ..186
Imminent Danger of Pausanias; his Presence of Mind- stop of lfardonius ..187
Various Moral and Political Results from the Physical Properties of Beotia ..189
Climate of Bceotia; how produced-Exertions of Nature to remedy the bad ..190
Emissaries of the Copaic Lake-History of ..190

Influence of the Copaic Lake on Beotia-The Auletic Reed-Minstrelsy of Beotia ..191
Description of the City of Orchomenus-Its History-Basin of Thebes ..192
Topography and Climate of Thebes ..193
Theban Character affected by Climate of Bceotia ..194
THESSALY ..195
Xerxes at the Mouth of the Peneus ..195

Frontiers of Thessaly ..196
Basin of Thessaly-Its Rivers--Character of Thessalian Legends ..196
Egress of the Sea through Tempe ..196

Marriage of Peleus and Thetis; Signification of ..197
Views of the Sea from the Mountains of Thessaly-Their Influence on Thessalian Mythology ..197
Ceyx and Halcyone-Jason and the Argonauts ..197

Centaurs and Lapithe ; what they represent ..198
Illustration of the natural Properties of Thessaly from its Coins ..200
Meaning of the Name of Thessaly-Aboriginal Tribes of Thessaly ..202
Commencement of our Survey from Janina in Epirus ..203
Pass over Mount Pindus-Roads and Bridges of Ali Pasha-Ascent to Mezovo ..203

Khans-Etymology of Mezovo ..204
Present State-Ceremonies-Ascent to Zygo ..205
View of the Monasteries of Meteora ..206
Ascent to one of them-Church and Library ..208
Eginium-Ancient Inscription-Aid of Inscriptions to Topography ..208

Campaign of Julius Caesar ..209
Tricca-Ancient Thessalian Cities in the Vale of Peneus-Their Ruins ..210
Larissa-Present State-Scenes there ..211
Influence of the Soil mt the Thessalian Character ..212
Ancient Inscriptions-Turkish Cemetery ..214
Military Character of Tempe ..215
Scenery of Tempe-Sources of its Beauty ..216
Pompey and Pharsalia-Road from Tempe to Pharsalia ..217
Present Aspect of Pharsalia ..218
Battle of Pharsalia ..219
Contrast sport ween the Accounts of Julius Cmsar and Lucan ..220
Cynoscephalae-Phera'-Alcestis ..220

Road from Pherm to Volo-View on Approach to Volo ..221
Mount Yelion-City of Demetrias ..222
Iolcus, Anaurus, Cave of Cheiron on Mount Pelion-Herotc School of Greece ..223
Botanical Fertility of Mount Pelion-Consequence of it in Ancient and Modern Times ..224
Eelxus-Bay of actium-Present Appearance ..225
Battle of Actium-Plan of the Battle ..226
Temple of Actian Apollo-Town of Prevyza-Turkish Scenes ..228
Route to Nicopolis ..229
Plan of Nicopolis-Theatre, Aqueduct, Architecture-Object of Nicopolis ..230
Theatre-Architecture emblematic of Population ..232
Ancient Fountain ..233
Road from Nicopolis to Arta-Arta the Ancient Ambracia ..234
Present State of Arta-Bazaar ..236
Churches of Arta-Paintings in them ..238
Ancient Coins of Ambracia ..239
Ruins at Rogus ..240
Ruins at Kastri ..241
Rogds identified with Charadra-Kastri with Ambracus ..242
Scenery of the Charadrus ..243
Ancient Fortresses-Janina ..244
Palace and Tomb of Ali Pasha-Mosque-Tomb of Turkish Saint ..246
Where was Dodona?-Search for it how rendered more difficult ..247
Dodona not merely a City but a Country ..248
Ruins at Dramisus-their Site, Extent, and Peculiarities ..250
Was Dodona at Dramisus?--Bishop of Dodona ..252
Road from Dramisus to Suli--City and Plain of Paramythia ..253
Homeric Inferno ..255
The Acheron, Cocytus, and Acherusian Lake-Oracle of the - not exist anymore - ..256
Scenery of the Acheron-Ascent up the Gorge of the Acheron ..257
Castles of Suli-Shrubs and Plants of Epirus ..258
Kako-suli-History of Suli ..259
IONIAN ISLANDS ..261
Ancient and Modern Corcyra ..262
Coins, Name, Esplanade of Corfu ..263
Corcyra'an Traditions and Customs ..264
Homeric Phaeacia-Corcyra of Thucydides ..266
Temple of Neptune-Nausicaa ..267
Paxo-Milton's Ode on the Nativity ..270
Leucas or Santa Maura-Leucadian Apollo- persons ' Leap ..271
Modern Ithaca, is it the Ithaca of Homer? ..272
Contrary Theory ..273
Difficulty from a Passage in the Ninth Book of the Odyssey ..274
Reflections on the Geographical Theories about Ithaca ..275
Geographical Limits of the Fabulous Region in the Odyssey ..276
Contrast sport ween the Description of Phaacia and Ithaca ..277
The Meridian Line of the Odyssey passes through Ithaca-Object of the Odyssey ..277
Are the Ruins at Aeto the Remains of the Palace of Ulysses? ..278
Evils of discovering too much-Grottos of the Nymphs ..280
Asteris-City of Ulysses at Polis ..281
Cephallonia ..282
Vale of Rakle-Heraclea-Ruins of Proni-Coins-Hercules ..283
Same : Ruins-Tombs-Gates-Walls-Cranii: Ruins ..284
Pale-Zacynthns : Name, Meaning of-Town of Zante-Ancient Wine-vat ..285
Pitch-wells-Herodotus ..286
Campaign of Philip III. from Cephallonia into Etolia ..287
Stratus, the Acarnanian Capital ..287
Thermos, the Capital of Etolia-Site of Thermos ..289
Ancient Geography of Etolia-Triclionian Lake 290
Aracynthus-Zygo-Thermus-Plemon-Calydon-Evenus-Deianeira ..291
Battle of Lepanto ..292
Passage across the Month of the Gulf of Curinth ..293
Contrast sport ween Arcadia and Achaia-Commercial Disqualifications of the latter ..295
Agialus, the ancient Name of Aehaia when inhabited by Ionians-Political Results of its natural Character ..295

AEgialus whence called Achaia-Ionians of Achaia settled in Asia ..296
Ionia the Asiatic Achaia-Analogies, physical and political, sport ween the two Countries ..297
Name of Achaia ..297
Why the Achecans were neutral in the Peloponnesian War-Their Quiescence explained ..298
Achaia the last in the Lampadephoria of Greek Nations ..299
Domestic and foreign Policy of Achaia-Its History from B. c. 280 to B. C. 146 ..301
Patra-Agium ..302
Sicyon : Aratus-Philopmmen-Polybius ..305
Soil and Rivers of Elis ..306
Why few Antiquities in Elis and similar Countries ..308
Olympia: Mount Cronius-Rivers Alpheius and Cladeus-Altis ..309
Olympic Games-Particular Eras used in Greece-Origin and Use of the Olympiad ..313
Characteristics of, and National Benefits derived from, the Olympic Games ..314
History of the Olympiads ..315
Length of Stadium-The Olympic Stadium the national Element both of Distance and Time ..315
Present Aspect of Olympia ..316
Scillus-Xenophon there-His Description of the Place and his ow u Pursuits there ..317
Lycosura-Megalopolis ..317
Florence and Phigaleia-Temple at Bassae-Its Site and History ..319
Architectural and Sculptural Descriptions-Pausanias-Pastum ..320
The River Neda-The Fortress of Ira-Aristomencs-The River Pamisus 321
MESSENIA-Comparison of Messenia and Lacmnia ..322
Ancient History of Messenia-Result of Messenian Wars with Sparta ..323
Return of the nlessenians-Rebuilding of Messene : Ceremonies, Music-Epaminondas ..323
Present Aspect of Messene-Site, Walls, and Towers of Messene ..324
Ancient Gate-Ancient Road-Greek and Roman Roads-Theatre and Stadium ..326
Later History of Messenia-Philopccmen-Pausanias ..327
Harbours of Messenia-Pylus ..328
Harbour of Pylos-Two Castles-island of Spbacteria-Navarino ..329
Messenian Pylos, the City of Nestor-Homeric Scenes at Pylos ..330
Battles of Sphacteria, in B. c. 425, and Navarino, in A. D. 1827 ..331
Bays of Modon and Coron, compared with Anaphlystus and Thoricus ..332
Gulf of Coron or Calamata ..333
Journey of Telemachus to 5parta-Lacedamon of Homer-Mistra ..333
Sparta-Roman Ruins and Roman Appearance ..334
Natural Position and Qualifications of Sparta and Athens compared ..335
Results-Their Systems of Education ..336
Aacor.rs-Route from Sparta to Argos ..338
The Plain of Argos-Site of Mycene-Its Name ..338
Road from Nauplia to Mycene ..339
Position of the Citadel of Mycenae ..340
Gates-Strength of Ancient Cities expressed by Number of Gates ..341
Towers-Mycens and the Iliad Contemporary ..341
Observations mt the Combination of Towers and Gates in ancient and more recent Times ..341
Gate of Lions at Mycene-Meaning of the Lions-Yausanias-Other Hypotheses ..342
The Argolic Plain-" Thirsty Argos "-How far this Expression applicable ..343
Erasinus-Lerna-Inachus ..344
City of Argos-Acropolis-Larissa-Deiras-Ancient Walls ..345
Theatre-Horace's Argive Nobleman ..346
Stories of Mycene merged in the History of Argos-Why-Practiceof Eschylus and the other Athenian Dramatists ..346
The three Routes from Argos to Corinth: 1. By Nemea-2. By Tretus, (Dervenakia)-3. By Contoporeia ..347
Turkish Campaign of 1822-Havoc made in the Turkish Army in the two latter Routes ..348
Nemea-Temple-Stadium compared with Olympia ..348
Corinth-Acrocorinth-Lecheum-Cenchrex-Geographical Advantages of Corinth ..349
Ancient Temple-Ascent to the Acrocorinth ..350
Pelasgic Remains-Pente-Skouphia-Temple of Venus ..350
Fountain of Peirene-Ancient lnscriptions and architectural Decorations there ..351
Three Fountains at Corinth-Which is the ancient Peirene? ..352
Pegasus-Why appears on the Coins of Corinth and of her Colonies ..352
Analogy sport ween the Horse and the Element of Water ..353
Advantage enjoyed by Corinth as "well-watered"..353
Road to Schcenus-Site of the Isthmian Grove and Temples ..353
Isthmian Games-Stadium and Theatre-Remains of Isthmian Wall ..353
Nero's intended Canal across the Isthmus-Ancient Amphitheatre at Corinth ..353
Corinthian Theatre, Stadium, and Amphitheatre referred to by St. Paul in his First Epistle to the Corinthians ..354
Local References in St. Clement's Epistle to the Corinthians ..355






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