Topography - Elements
History - Archeology
Round 3000 bc, presented the first residents in Chios, Pelasgoi. Later, in the island were installed Achaioi, and in 1100 bc Iones. From then, Chios began regularly to progress also the 6th eg century it reached in the apex of her acne. Chiotes produced eminent wine and cultivated the epic poetry and the sculpture and ensured there living from the not free -trade.
It is as generally speaking acceptable that Omiros came from Chios and lived in it in 8th century bc.
493 bc, Chios surrender in Persians and was forced to fight in their side against the Greeks. At an early date it was released and by 478 bc it was included in the Athenian Alliance.
Chios was conquered in 1566 from their Turks. In 1821 with Samos it participated in the revolution, but the next time the Turks wanting to punish them so they slaughtered 85.000 individuals. This wild slaughter of Chios convulsed the common opinion of Europe and inspired artists as the writer Victor Hugo and the painter Eugene Delacroix. A powerful earthquake in 1881 left also a lot of victims and caused incalculable destructions. At the first Balkan War, in 1912, the Greek army occupied the island and included him in Greece.
Chios is the homeland of Adamantios Korais, Alexandros Mayrokordatoy, Neofytoy Bamba.
In Chios exists the temple of Saint Apostles that is small copy of New Abbey and is Byzantine monument. The temple was built in the means the 4th century and functions each year on 29 June, day of memory of Saints Petros and Pavlos.
Chios in Kaini Diathiki
Visited him the ap. Pavlos at his return by the third missionary travel, where it remained also for one day. That period it was under Romanic possession.