About Heraklion...

HERAKLION

Iprwtey'oysa of prefecture but kajm-mof Crete, is one from ar-JL JL hajo'teres and bigger cities of Greece. Precise chronology of "her birth", she remains still unknown for the researchers and the archaelogists. In the region of current "Resource" had been developed a important settlement in the Mjnwjka' and Ysteromjnwj'ka' Hro'nja, that the Evans named "Harboyr town". The Pliny the elder, that e'zise the Virus m.H. century reports the small city as "Polosma'ntjon Heraklions".

Around in the 6th m.H. century, the settlement is presented constituted, with organised form of urban life. The third JOetj'a of 9th aj. the Andaloy'sjoj ¢raves that conquered Crete select as their capital the small city, him fortify and it becomes for first time capital of island with the name "Ha'ndax". The effort of Nikiforos Fwka' to transport the city certain kilometres more southern fructified. The second Byzantine period, from cause of castle of fortification, changes the name of city and becomes again "Castle". The Galino'tati Democracy of Adrj'a, afterwards the Venetjki' possession of 13th aj. decides elects the "Kingdom of Crete", as one from the mainer possessions in the Eastern Mediterranean and the "Ha'ndaka" his capital. The delivery in their Toy'rkoys in 1669 after poly'hroni siege restores the name "Castle, in the city that is maintained until 1822.
That year, the commissioner of Crete Micheal Afentoy'ljef gives in the city and in the province her old name "Heraklions".
A city with more from 2.500 hro'nja history, chronologically has changed the following names: Initial, unknown. Heraklion.Heraklions. Castle. RabdhKhndaq. Ha'ndax. Big Castle. Candida. Candia. Country. Piazza Kandiqe. Heraklion.




HERAKLION

The capital, but also of Crete is one of the largest cities in Greece. The town, today

the form was founded by the Saracens in 827 Chandakas by name, which comes from ochyromatika projects around the city. The name is maintained during the Byzantine and Venetian era, during which lasts atis the city is a commercial and military center. Under the Turkish city loses its basic role in the island. After the unification of Crete with Greece in Heraklion again becomes a central role in the economic life of the island mainly because of its geographical position. It consists of the old city that is enclosed in the Venetian walls and the News, which has spread outside the walls. At the entrance of the old Venetian limanioiy, you receive one of the most imposing monuments of Crete Venetian fortress, called Koules.

WORTH TO VISIT
The Venetian walls surrounding part of the city and form interesting entrances to the commercial and financial center of Irakleiou.I Chanioporta is one of them, and conclusion of the national road Chania - Rethymnon - Irakleiou.Mesa the walls are most of the sights of the city . No one deserves to see the Basilica San Marco, built in 1239, now used for exhibitions conferences and meetings. Nearby, the square Venizelos, is the Fountain of the Moro-zini part which gathers the youth of the city polis.To City Hall is restored Venetian building, the Lo-tza, and is also at the beginning of the square Venizelos. Beside, there is the church of St. Titus, likely to be built in 961 and since then has been destroyed and restored several times. On the south side of the walls, the grave of Nikos Kazantzakis, with a view of the whole city and the Venetian port. The castle at the harbor entrance, is an impressive building, which even now gives the feeling of grandeur and security that inspired the Venetians conquerors of the island. Today, it houses various reports.
In many churches of Heraklion one can admire valuable icons of the Byzantine era and beyond. Saint Catherine, located in Catherine Square, houses the museum of religious art, with several of the best images Cretan kosmo.O temple built in the 15th century was monastically part of a school which was one of the centers of the Cretan Renaissance. Some of the most famous students was Vitsi-ntzos Kornaros, author of the questions and judges Michael Damascus, hagiographer who is known, because introduced in Byzantine art depth and prooptiki.Fysika the famous El Greco was considered to student the School of Michael and modern Damascus.
In the same square is the cathedral of Saint Mina, a majestic building of the 19th century, and just in front, the original church of Agios Minas, with interesting medieval building decoration and pictures. From the square route starts Venizelos 1866, in which the market polyvoi of Iraklion and ends at the square Kornarou, with the wonderful Turkish source.

MUSEUMS
The Historical Museum contains collections of the city, which cover the historical period between the prehistoric Knossos and the current era. In the museum are sculptures and architectural fragments from the Byzantine and Venetian Turkish periodo.Episis there are rooms with representations of modern Cretan history (N. Kazantzakis, E. Tsouderos) and photographic and other material from the German occupation. Finally, a section of the museum is devoted to folk art and traditional siko lifestyle.
The Archaeological Museum of Heraklion near Freedom Square houses the largest and most comprehensive collection finds the Minoan period. The first of the twenty halls of the museum, includes findings and Prepalatial the Neolithic period (5000-2000 BC), from different parts of Crete, including figurines of the goddess of fertility, vases Royal pace, stone jars from the Mochlos and gold jewelry. In Room 2 you can see findings from the Knossos and Malia between 2000 and 1700 BC (pre palatial period). Highlights are the clay figurines from the sacred peak, and vases from the arches. The third room is dedicated to Festos the same period, with the largest exhibit of the Phaistos disk that is dtiagmenos clay and decorated with hieroglyphics that despite the various galleries on the meaning of them remain largely mysterious to scientists. The Room 4 is dedicated to the New Palace period (1700-1450 BC). The findings come from the palace of Knossos, Malia and Festus, popular with the Rhyton bull-shaped head and two figurines of the goddess with snakes. In the hall 5, findings are mainly from the palace of Knossos at the end of the New Palace period (1450-1400 BC). It is possible to see examples of Linear A and B, and Egyptian exhibits, suggesting the trade relations between the Minoan Crete with other nations. The room 6, includes findings from the cemeteries of Knossos, Festus and Archanes the same period, namely some of the finest jewelry available at the museum. In room 7, the exhibits come from the New Palace and Postpalatial period with representative samples of the stone jars the Holy Trinity and the collection of jewels from Malia, which owns the complex of the two melisson.I Room 8, contains findings from the palace in Zakros with interesting vases decorated with motifs inspired by the marine and plant kosmo.Stin hall 9, the findings from other parts of eastern Crete and include an extensive collection of stamps and seals. In the hall 10, starts the Sub-period (1400-1100 BC) during which Crete was under Mycenaean on-stream. Distinguish the exhibits of the goddess who prance and women dancing. In the hall 11, there are exhibits of early Geometric period (1100-900 BC). The era of iron appear in the majority of tools and oplon.I room 12, contains findings and characteristics of anatolizousas geometric period (c. 900-650 C.). The Hall 13, containing sarcophagi from different periods of Minoan history. The rooms 14.15 and 16, is perhaps the most impressive since the museum containing frescoes from the Minoan era palaces and the overwhelming majority of the Knossos neopalatikis period (1600-1400 BC). There one can see the prince to judge the dolphins tafrokatharpsia, the frescoes of the ceremonial corridor of the famous Knossos Parisienne, and other well-known murals. The room 17, houses the collection Giamalaki findings with different seasons and the 18th House, continues the chronological order with findings of the archaic period (650,500 BC). Finally, the 20th House, contains classic Greek sculpture and Greco-samples. LOCAL GUIDE
The nightlife in Heraklion, has seasons and provides all kinds of fun. It is considered one of the coolest cities across Europe. Old mansions have been converted into restaurants, coffee bars offering quality entertainment. Diner, ouzeri, u-Rock stars, but also rebetiko, bars with live music make the unforgettable nights of visitors. The «heart» of the city, especially in Korai and Chandakos until proias suffocated from the world. There is no need to inquire about where to go. Simply follow the «current .. As for the separate places, especially for good traditional food, the learning easy. There are many, are separate and we'll confirm that the Cretans even know to eat well and have fun too. Mimic them and you lose. Every summer organized by the Municipality of Heraklion festival (July-September). It includes exhibitions, concerts, theatrical performances and more.

EXCURSIONS - SPORT
To the east of Iraklion, are the beaches of the municipality, near the airport and Amnissos. To the west is the beach of Ammoudara. In both directions, often there are buses from Freedom Square.
Sports equipment for the Sea you'll find on most beaches, and in all major hotels. The Alpine club organizes excursions in Psiloritis, and there is equestrian clubs, Antisfairiseos Group, and many basketball in the city. Certainly deserves to make trips and get to know the entire prefecture of Iraklion with the wonderful and above the centers of the villages of. Starting from the Freedom Square after 3 kms A., you will find the tourist suburb of Iraklion New Alikarnassos, and after 5 kilometers left is Paliochora the hill, around which was the ancient Amnisos, seaport of Knossos. Going 13 km east of Iraklion find the Red Hani tourist resort, with many taverns and holiday centers. Continuing after 2 km, will move from the beach Gournes. After 5 km you will reach the beach Gouves or Phoenix, with many hotels and holiday centers, and a waiver of the right road leading to the village Gouves. In the valley of the Central Iraklion is a quiet and fertile place with small villages to hide natural and historical treasures. In Kastelli one can see medieval churches with frescoes. Shortly Arkalohori the south is known for its cave discovered in Mycenaean findings, and the church of the Archangel Michael with frescoes of the 15th century.

USEFUL TELEPHONE NUMBERS CODE (081)
Municipality 245245, EOT 228825, Tourist Police 283130, Hellenic Alpine Club of 227,609, 269,111 Hospital, KTEL 288,544, Radio-taxi 210102-210168.

ACCOMMODATION
There are hotels and rooms - apartments.



SAINT PELAGIA

Modern tourist settlement that unfolds in a apa'nemo gulf. With the beach of Wicker, that abstains hardly 1 km, they constitute simultaneously also a graphic cluster, with traditional colour, that has remained anepire'asto from the movement paracerjstw'n. The settlement allocates completely tourist infrastructure and clean sea, in his extensive polyplicej's beaches.

IT DESERVES YOU VISIT
The Cave acquaintance with the name "Finding" because there was found the picture of Saint.
Speculate that here found itself the ancient city Apollw'nja. Excavations in the place Kladwto's, brought in the light mjnwjka' and hellenistic discoveries, as booth-ejdej's graves, laxeyme'noj in graves of ysteromjna'j'ki's period. Was discovered the Prytanej'o, that htj'stike 4th and was destroyed the 2nd aj. p.H. and the Chamber of deputies of arhaj'as Dorian city, kacw's home and a laboratory of ceramics.
CAMPAIGNS – SPOR

You will swim in the splendid clean beaches of settlement and region and will enjoy all the charms of sea.

STAY
Exist hotels and rooms – apartments.



ARHANES

Village built in altitude 400 m. and today constitutes municipality. It is selectively famous for the table grapes (rozakja') his his and most excellent pojo'ittas wine. You will find a lot of graphic kafeneda'kja and tavernoy'les. It abstains 15 km from the Heraklion.

IT DESERVES YOU VISIT
The Foyrnj', that abstains one km D. place in which was discovered the bigger proj!storjko' cemetery of Aegean. Temple Anemo'spilja, that abstains 5 km N.D. of Arhanw'n, and is the unique until today, known Mjnwjko's temple. The Mjnwjki' Villa of Vacype'troy, in distance of 5 km N. where the excavations that began from Spyros Marjna'to, brought in the light the building that is dated in 1600 - 1550. the discoveries of Arhanw'n, are looked after in the "Archaeological Faculty Arhanw'n", in a old municipal school.

STAY
Exist hotels and rooms – apartments.

USEFUL TELEPHONES CODE (081)
Municipality 751898, First Aids 751882.Astynomj'a 751811.



KNOSSOS

Five hardly kilometres from the Heraklion are biggest than the Mjnwjka' palaces have not passed nor 100 years from archaeological excavations of Evans in that part what proved that the Mjnwjko's culture existed in the reality the palace of Knwssoy' a'kmase for more than 3000 years and continued having one intense presence even afterwards the end of mjnwjki's season the palace, is constituted by a central courtyard, round which are developed royal apartments, spaces of adoration, stocking spaces, laboratories, internal courtyards corridors a theatrical region and auxiliary buildings. In the Mjnwjki' season the palace were administrative, religious, industrial, political, military and commercial centre of ypolej'mata buildings that meets the visitor, belongs in their majority in the second palace that htj'stike above in first, afterwards the destruction 1700 p.H., and his current form is owed by far in the restorations ser ¢rcoyr ' Evans.





Heraklion County Topics:
Heraklion Introduction
Heraklion County General
Heraklion County History
Heraklion County Sights
Heraklion County Beaches
Heraklion County - European footpath E4
Heraklion County Sports
Heraklion County Cultural Events
Heraklion County Shopping

Heraklion Topics:
Heraklion Introduction
Heraklion History
Heraklion Museums
Collection of Byzantine icons - Agia Ekaterini
Historical Museum of Crete
The Natural History Museum of Crete
Heraklion Today
Koule, 25th Avgoustou Street and Agios (Saint) Titos church.
Church of Agios (Saint) Markos and the Lions
Eleftherias Square, Agios Georgios Gate, Daskalogianni Square
Meintani and Kornarou Square
Grave of Nikos Kazantzakis and Chanioporta
Agios Minas Cathedral
Heraklion Beaches
Heraklion Sports
Heraklion Shopping
Dia
Dia History

Suburbs West Of Heraklion:
Ammoudara
Paleokastro
Rogdia
Lygaria and Agia Pelagia
Fodele
Marathos
Arolithos

Western Interior To Nida Plateau:
Tylissos
Ideon Andro and Nida Plateau

East Of Heraklion:
Amnissos
Kokkini Chani
Agia Paraskevi Caye, Skotinos
Chersonissos Introduction
Chersonissos
Lychnostatis Museum
Lychnostatis History
Malia
Malia History

County Interior:
Knossos
Knossos History
A tour of the palace
Archanes
Other Places Of Archanes
Giouchtas Archaeological - Ecological Park
Peza
Profitis Ilias or Kanli Kastelli

Interior - Centre Of Heraklion County:
Interior - Centre Of Heraklion County Introduction
Venerato
The Monastery of Agios Georgios (St George) Gorgolainis
Prinias
Agios Thomas
Agia Varvara
Kroussonas
Sarchos
Gergeri, Rouva Forest, Zaros and Zarou lake
Kamares

Southern Interior To Messara Valley:
Southern Interior To Messara Valley - Introduction
Gortyna and Agii Deka
Mires - Tymbaki
Odigitria Monastery, Agiofaraggo and Martsalos
Vori
Cretan Ethnology Museum
Phestos

The Southern Coast In The West Of The County:
The Southern Coast In The West Of The County - Introduction
Tsoutsouros
Lentas
Matala
Kommos

Interior To Lassithi Plateau:
Avdou
Mochos
Krasi
Kera

Interior To Ierapetra:
Kastelli
Myrtia
Thrapsano
Arkalochori
Ano and Kato Viannos

The Southern Coast In The County's East:
Arvi and Psari Forada

Useful Telephone Numbers:
Phone Numbers Of New Municipalities
Phone Numbers Of Services
Phone Numbers Of Emergency Services
Phone Numbers Of Hospitals - Health Centres - District Surgeries
Phone Numbers Of Airline And Shipping Companies
Phone Numbers Of Museums
Phone Numbers Of Buses And Taxis
Phone Numbers Of Banks
Phone Numbers Of Sports Clubs



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